When Henson was 4 years old, his father moved the family to Washington, D. In 1937 Henson was admitted as a member to the prestigious in New York City, and made an honorary member in 1948, of whom there are only 20 per year. Explorer Robert Edwin Peary hired Henson as his valet for expeditions. Next a sea captain hired him to work on his ship. In 1988 Henson's body was moved to Arlington National Cemetery where he was interred near the place where Robert Peary was buried.
In 1937 he was the first African American to be made a life member of ; in 1948 he was elevated to the club's highest level of membership. He later gained renewed attention. Matthew Alexander Henson was born on August 8, 1866, in Maryland. Although Peary was celebrated for the achievement, he was also criticized in that era for not taking along a white man. Henson achieved a degree of fame as a result of participating in the expedition, and in 1912 he published a memoir titled A Negro Explorer at the North Pole. His early years were marked by one especially memorable event.
Henson adapted quickly to the job, embracing Inuit Eskimo culture and learning their language. In 1944 he and the other members of the expedition were awarded a Congressional Medal. They had to eat some of their sled dogs. During their 1908—09 expedition to Greenland, Henson was one of the six men — including Peary and four Inuit assistants — who claimed to have been the first to reach the geographic North Pole. He was a skilled craftsman, often coming up with solutions for what the team needed in the harsh Arctic conditions; they learned to build out of snow, for mobile housing as they traveled.
The claim by Peary's team to have reached the North Pole was widely debated in newspapers at the time, as was the competing claim by. And while Peary was lauded by many for his achievement, he and his team faced wide skepticism, with Peary having to testify before Congress about allegedly reaching the North Pole due to a lack of verifiable proof. In 2018, Henson was slated to star in three films. Henson attended a black public school for the next six years, during the last of which he took a summer job washing dishes in a restaurant. At the age of 11, Henson left home to find his own way. Henson proved an invaluable team member, building sledges and training others on their handling. He was with Peary for seven years in the Arctic where they covered 9,000 miles on dogsleds.
Peary, an explorer; Peary recruited Henson to work on an expedition in Nicaragua. Navy and a gold medal from the Chicago Geographic Society. An able and intelligent seaman, he was hired by Peary in the late 1880s and accompanied him on his 1891 Greenland expedition. During the following decades, Admiral Peary received many honors for leading the expedition to the Pole, but Henson's contributions were largely ignored. In 2014, Henson said that her son had been racially profiled by police and that his car had been illegally searched during a traffic stop on October 18 in.
His father took the family to Washington D. In a move to honor Henson, in 1987, President Ronald Reagan approved the transportation of Henson and Lucy's remains for reinterment at Arlington National Cemetery, per the request of Dr. At last, Matthew Henson was recognized for his contribution to the successful North Pole expedition. The truth about Peary's and Henson's 1909 expedition still remains clouded. After that, for more than 20 years, their expeditions were to the.
In 2010, she appeared in the remake of alongside. It set up its last supply depot 230 miles from the Pole and then headed back for Cape Columbia. The Congress also awarded him with the Peary Polar Expedition Medal. Navy medals for their Arctic achievements. In 1912, Mathew Henson published his memoir A Negro Explorer at the North Pole, which told the story of his arctic explorations.
Allen Counter, a neuroscientist and director of the , had long been interested in Henson's story and traveled in Greenland for research related to it. As a result, he was part of the first expedition to reach the North Pole. Another honor was bestowed on him when the Explorer's Club accepted him as a member. National Geographic Society, 28 Oct. He held this post for 23 years. In 1944 Matthew Henson received the Congressional Medal of Honor.
In 1912 Henson published a memoir about his arctic explorations, A Negro Explorer at the North Pole. Around this time, Henson fathered a son, Anauakaq, with an Inuit woman, but back at home in 1906 he married Lucy Ross. In 2011, she starred as Tiffany Rubin in the film. Peary hired him as a valet, and the two men began a working relationship that lasted for over two decades and half a dozen voyages. Henson was selected to lead a team of 6 Inuit to make the final run to the North Pole.