The Central Board shall, during each financial year, prepare, in such form as may be prescribed, an annual report giving full account of its activities under this Act during the previous financial year and copies thereof shall be forwarded to the Central Government within four months from the last date of the previous financial year and that Government shall cause every such report to be laid before both Houses of Parliament within nine months from the last date of the previous financial year. It shall come into force, at once in the States of Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura and West Bengal and in the Union territories, and in any other State which adopts this Act under clause 1 of article 252 of the Constitution on the date of such adoption and any reference in this Act to the commencement of this Act shall, in relation to any State or Union territory, mean the date on which this Act comes into force in such State or Union territory. Individuals can also do several things to reduce water pollution such as using biodegradable chemicals for household use, reducing the use of pesticides in gardens, and identifying polluting sources at work places and in industrial units where oil are or other petroleum products and heavy metals are used. The State Government may, after consultation with, or on the recommendation of, the State Board, exempt, by notification in the Official Gazette, any person from the operation of sub-section 1 subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the notification and any condition so specified may by a like notification be altered, varied or amended. The connection between contaminated water and disease came together in the 19th century.
Those changes will be listed when you open the content using the Table of Contents below. Excessive organic matter, sediments and infecting organism from hospital wastes can also pollute our water. For the purpose of enabling a State Board to perform the functions conferred on it by or under this Act, the State Board or any officer empowered by it in that behalf, may make surveys of any area and gauge and keep records of the flow or volume and other characteristics of any stream or well in such area, and may take steps for the measurement and recording of the rainfall in such area or any part thereof and for the installation and maintenance for those purposes of gauges or other apparatus and works connected therewith, and carry out stream surveys and may take such other steps as may be necessary in order to obtain any information required for the purposes aforesaid. Original As Enacted or Made :The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. Local authorities to assist sec. It coordinates the activities and provides technical assistance and guidance. Provision regarding existing discharge of sewage or trade effluent.
All comments are however constantly reviewed for spam and irrelevant material such as product or personal advertisements, email addresses, telephone numbers and website address. Changes to legislation: There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation. However, preventing pollution is better than trying to cure the problems it has created, or punishing offenders. The next post in this series will focus on the. The first post covers legislation enacted prior to the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. A State Board may give directions requiring any person who in its opinion is abstracting water from any such stream or well in the area in quantities which are substantial in relation to the flow or volume of that stream or well or is discharging sewage or trade effluent into any such stream or well, to give such information as to the abstraction or the discharge at such times and in such form as may be specified in the directions. Water under Class E is used for irrigation and industrial cooling along with waste disposal.
Under Section 25 : No person shall without the previous consent to establish shall. The fees payable for such appeal and the procedure to be followed by the appellate authority shall be such as may be prescribed. Enhanced penalty after previous conviction. A person associated with the Board under sub-section 1 for any purpose shall have a right to take part in the discussions of the Board relevant to that purpose, but shall not have a right to vote at a meeting of the Board, and shall not be a member for any other purpose. Such insertions do not conform to our and and are either deleted or edited and republished.
The Public Health Service was authorized to work with federal, state, and local agencies on programs to eliminate pollution of interstate waterways and improve the sanitary quality of surface and underground waters. The Act was amended in the years 1978 and 1988. A few are highlighted below. The fine and penalty includes Imprisonment for a term which may extend up to three months or with fine to Rs. Discharge of effluents is permitted by obtaining the consent of the State Water Board, subject to any condition they specify.
The section further states that every State Board is liable to maintain a register containing particulars or conditions imposed under the section related to any outlet, or to any effluent, from any land or premises which must be open to inspection by the state board. Drinking cups for common use were prohibited unless they were cleaned after each use. It applies in the first instance to the whole of the States of Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura and West Bengal and the Union Territories; and it shall apply to such other State which adopts this Act by resolution passed in that behalf under clause 1 of article 252 of the Constitution. The state board of respective states is empowered to plan a comprehensive program for the prevention, control or abatement of pollution of streams and wells, collect and disseminate information relating to water pollution and encourage, conduct and participate in investigations and research relating to problems of water pollution and prevention. . Interstate Quarantine Act of 1893 The purpose of the Interstate Quarantine Act of 1893 was to prevent the spread of disease via immigration and interstate commerce, which at that time would have been people traveling by ship and train.
Under Section 18: Powers to Give Directions : In the performance of its functions under this Act: a The Central Board shall be bound by such directions in writing the Central Government may give to it; and b Every State Board shall be bound by such directions in writing as the Central Government or the State Government may give to it: Under Section 19 : The entire National Capital Territory of Delhi has been declared as water pollution prevention control area. The section further states that No person shall knowingly cause or permit to enter any other matter which may impede the flow of water of the stream causing pollution of any kind. Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899 In 1899, the Rivers and Harbors Act was enacted to ensure U. Under Section 17: Functions of State Board : 1. Construction of structures like bridges and dams, and excavation and fill projects required approval and still do.
No changes have been applied to the text. A State Board shall not grant its consent under sub-section 4 of section 25 for the establishment of any industry, operation or process, or treatment and disposal system or extension or addition thereto, or to the bringing into use of a new or altered outlet unless the industry, operation or process, or treatment and disposal system or extension or addition thereto, or the outlet is so established as to comply with any conditions imposed by the Board to enable it to exercise its right to take samples of the effluent. Every State Board shall maintain a register containing particulars of the conditions imposed under this section and so much of the register as relates to any outlet, or to any effluent, from any land or premises shall be open to inspection at all reasonable hours by any person interested in, or affected by such outlet, land or premises, as the case may be, or by any person authorised by him in this behalf and the conditions so contained in such register shall be conclusive proof that the consent was granted subject to such conditions. While scientists, physicians, and engineers worked on how to identify and remove waterborne pathogens from public water supplies, the government got in the game by enacting legislation. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the main function of the Central Board shall be to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States. Clean Water Legislation Prior to 1974 Beginning in the late 19th century, Congress enacted laws, directly and indirectly, related to clean water. Local authorities to assist sec.