Everyone in the courtroom notices that Tom's left arm is twelve inches shorter than his right, due to an accident in his youth when the arm got stuck a cotton gin. Jem still refuses to leave. Ewell can write, and he says he can, so Atticus asks him to write his name on an envelope. Tate's testimony, and he leaves the witness stand. The prosecution's attorney, , asks him about the events surrounding Tom Robinson and Mr. Ewell is surly and crass in the witness chair, but the judge, who clearly does not respect the man, manages to keep everything orderly.
Going inside, he allegedly saw Tom Robinson raping Mayella Ewell. Even though he knows the real truth, he prefers the story he makes up. Thus, discrimination is shown to be even more arbitrary and senseless. Additionally, the courtroom scene, with Atticus picking apart the Ewells as the whole town watches, is the most cinematic portion of the narrative, and it is the centerpiece of the 1962 film version of the novel. Scout recollects mentally the way that the Ewells live, in a tiny hut made of planks and corrugated iron and flattened tin cans, surrounded by junk salvaged from the nearby dump.
A group of men gets out, and one demands that Atticus move away from the jailhouse door. Atticus breaks up the fight and sends them to bed. And yet, suspense prevails in these chapters. Here, the reader gets its first look at the black community in Maycomb. Heck Tate is the first witness. Scout, unsure what's happening, runs over to Atticus, followed by Jem and Dill.
Scout, on the other hand, is not so sure it is that easy. People from all over the county flood the town. She claimed, also, that he raped her. Atticus wants to know which eye, and after going back and forth, Tate finally determines that it was her right eye. He gives a very different account of what happened. Most old people still know each other so well that every behavior is somewhat predictable and repetitive.
A shadowy group of men emerges. Jem feels reassured knowing where his father is, but as they are about to head home, four old cars come into town. Atticus chooses to represent Tom Robinson, a black man, even though he stands no chance of winning the trial with an all white jury. Chapter 11 -Jem and Scout were walking past Mrs. The court rests for ten minutes, but no one leaves the courthouse Analysis Aunt Alexandra's views typify the general consensus of traditional assumptions held by the Maycomb community.
They run into the reverend from Calpurnia's church-Reverend Sykes-and he offers them a seat in the balcony, where everyone from the African American community is seated. In Chapter 18, the trial continues, and Mayella Ewell is called to the stand. The Finch family is all white, but Jem considers that during Biblical times, it is possible some of their ancestors came from Africa. She also appears quite afraid of Atticus. Gilmer's questioning and leaves the courtroom in tears.
Underwood despises black people, but was still willing to defend Atticus. Robinson fled, and Ewell went into the house, saw that his daughter was all right, and ran for the sheriff. After the service, Reverend Syke's takes up a collection of money for Tom Robinson's wife, who has not been able to find work since her husband was brought up on charges of raping a white woman. Aunt Alexandra wants the children to know all about the Finch family and uphold its genteel heritage, but Atticus has not introduced them to the entirety of their family history, and instead has told them amusing stories, such as how their cousin Josh went insane at university. If they acquit a black man who admittedly pities a white person, then they're voting to lessen their own power over the black community. Atticus told Jem to let him in and Jem said that they wanted to talk to Atticus outside. She is old-fashioned and proper, and often refers to the people of Maycomb in light of their family history.
No one is sure where Atticus is going with this, but he asks Mr. However, Jem notes that probably doesn't count because it was so long ago. Ewell is pleased with the effect he has had on his audience, but Judge Taylor is not. To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 15. Despite the fact that Mayella has doomed him a likely terrible sentence, he does not criticize her. Gilmer about finding Tom Robinson raping his daughter. Underwood reveals himself in a nearby window with a gun, pointing out that he had them covered the whole time.