Furthermore, corruption at all levels in the society is another major predicament toward sustainable development and effective integrated waste management sys-tem in Nigeria. The increasing rate at which waste is generated is 70% as compared to 30% of effective management and disposal methods. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Hence wastes are often indiscriminately dumped in open plots of land and particularly along roads and streets. Hi: Is there efficient waste management in the university of Calabar? Apparently, some of those environmental problems could be solved by providing a standard refuse disposal and drainage method. The management practice in place in the University of Calabar is daily collection and disposal with waste bins being posted at strategic points across the main campus, library, hostel and staff quarter areas. Findings revealed that there is efficient waste management in the University of Calabar.
A good example of such cities include Lagos, Kano, Calabar, Port Harcourt, Uyo, Aba, Yenagoa, etc. Meat wastes sprang up from killing and also dehairing, paunch handling, rendering, trimming, processing and clean-up operations. To guide the research, the following objectives were put in place. We will send your complete project materials to your email 30 Mins after payment. In this modern day world, there is the need for not only development but sustainability of the environment and world in general.
Limitation of the study Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection internet, questionnaire and interview. The smell of offensive odours cannot be taken for granted. Due to financial hurdles, the researcher could not visit places where information relevant to the study could be obtained. Electronic waste is among the main causes of cancer including the increase of reproductive health diseases. It was founded in 1975.
Various waste management authorities requires different types of extensive refuse vehicles that cost a lot to maintain at the commencement of the operations and these vehicles do not often remain serviceable for long due to poor operation, maintenance and non-availability of spare parts. Biodegradable wastes are those wastes that can be easily decomposed by natural process ranging from food remnants to leaves from trees, cotton wool, clothes, banana peels, papers, etc. Development is incomplete without sustainability. This was as a result of increased use of goods to satisfy and meet the need of the teeming population resulting in the substantial increase in the amount of wastes generated. According to the National Environmental Management Authority; Nigeria generates 17,000 tons of e-waste annually.
In the past, waste was considered as a resources. In most cases, waste materials are disposed of without regard to sound environmental management practices; this makes them harmful to humans and other terrestrial and aquatic life. Government policies on the environment are piecemeal where they exist and poorly implemented. It is therefore important to note that waste generation and population growth work hand-in-hand. Beside these, primary producers in the affected water bodies October also be destroyed by pollutants, which October directly or indirectly affect fish yield, accompanied by serious consequences on human diet. Despite the fact that Nigerian laws provide butchers and importers of meat with rules and regulations that ensure high safety and quality standards as well as a an all-embracing procedure which brings their activities into compliance with the law, making the law active appears to be a huge problem.
Waste in ancient times was biodegradable and non-toxic and could hardly cause hazards. Nigeria does not have a proper system of sorting out e-waste, leaving the problem to scavengers. More also, necessary steps and actions to accomplished the goals need to be es-tablished. Programs for public enlightenment lacked the needed coverage, intensity and continuity to correct a pathetic attitude towards the environment. Wastes do not only threaten the beauty and aesthetics of the institution but also the very health of its inhabitants. Waste can be seen as items that people discard or throw away because it has hazardous properties and it is of no value.
The problem of solid waste management is the deficient of appropriate and adequate policies plain legislation, and an environmentally stimulated and enlightens the public. We deliver project materials to your Email address within 15-30 Minutes depending on how fast your payment is acknowledged by us. Firstly, the physical characteristics of the locality as regards the topography of the area where waste management activities are to be carried out because waste disposal often requires a large parcel of land for an efficient operation especially of sanitary landfill is to be adopted; secondly, the character, quality and quantity of waste to be disposed of. Background of the study Nigeria flares more natural gas associated with oil extraction than any other country, with estimates suggesting that of the 3. The studyalso revealed that residents within the community where the Abattoirhouse is located complained of bad smell from the liquid, pollution of their water sources and frequent sudden increase of different diseases among others. Significance of the study The study would be of immense importance to the state government as it would recommend ways of effective management of abattoir waste in markets in Oyo state. Sadly the corruption cankerworm, sometimes, has not allowed the funds made available to them to see the light of day.
The aim of this thesis is to analyze the method by which waste management sys-tem in a developed world and be able to determine, manage and utilize the value that lies in waste and sustain it. Public enlightenment programs lacked the needed coverage, intensity, and continuity to correct the apathetic public attitude towards the environment. On the other hand, non-biodegradable wastes are those wastes that cannot be broken down or decomposed by natural processes. This thesis has identified some of the limitations of these arrangements. Hewlett-Packard has partnered with a non government organization to establish an e-waste recycling facility in Kenya, and operate within regulations of international health, safety and environmental standards. Moreover the study uses both qualitative and quantitative ap-proach for vital information to be extracted from the benchmarked companies.
All these activities take place within the campus and generated income for the school because these business men and women pay some amount of money to the school for the space in which they ate given to run their business. Presently, activities at theBodjija and Akinyeleabattoir meet only 210 percent of the requirements pointed under the major standard for meat production and none of the storage requirements. This greatly degrades the environment of its aesthetics and even causes diseases. This is not the situation today as waste is a major problem that needs to be solved as urgently as possible rather than been considered as a resource. All these waste can be recycled in order to reduce pollution such as air, water, land, radio-active and thermal pollution, thereby, making the environment greener and condu-cive for every living object. The challenges posed by this waste is that it is generated at a pace much faster than available means to manage it.
Numerous past and present research works from Nigeria and other developing nations show that many abattoirs in the respective countries either deposit waste materials in the direct environsor dispose their wastes directly into water bodies. Solid waste generation and its management has become a major issue in urban areas especially Enugu because of increasing gap between the prolific level of generation and the limited technology and capacity of evacuation. At the core of the problems of solid waste management are the absence of adequate policies, enabling legislation, and an environmentally stimulated and enlightened public. This hypothesis will be further tested in the process of this research work. The rise of cancer cases are due to lack of knowledge on how to handle e-waste and environmental pollution properly. In this manner, it improves the standard and well-being of the people living in a particular environment. The substance must be handled and disposed of with care, so that it does not constitute danger to public health.