Strictly speaking though you should count the British Isles inentirety for physical geography, because geology and geomorphologydo not obey man-made boundaries, but even then our enclosingrectangle would be perhaps 900 miles by 400. Due to the climate of temperate summers, the grains were allowed to grow for longer periods of time. The colonists in this region had to rely on other means of providing for their family because of the rocky land. Maryland stayed Protestant until Calvert again took control of the colony in 1658. The hope of gold, resources, and virgin lands drew English colonists to the Southern Colonies. The East tends to be flatter generally, though it has someranges of hills contrasting with the low-lying Norfolk plain.
Many people were artisans or merchants with many skills. The Enduring Vision, 5th Edition. Without their existence, crops like tobacco and even cotton and indigo could not be produced without higher labor costs. Colonial South Carolina relied mainly on the Indian slave trade and deerskin trade until the Yamasee War of 1715. Many New Englanders became fishermen, boat craftsmen, loggers and trappers. Sugar is substantial and the market was growing in Europe every day.
Through the triangular trade slaves were brought to America and slavery was started. An increasing population of slaves did much of this work. When they found out that this big piece of land was too hard to rule, they divided the land in 1680 into two separate colonies: North Carolina and South Carolina. I'm no geographer, but I did grow up just north of Boston. Virginia, Maryland, North and South Carolina, and Georgia are the colonies of the Southern Colonies.
This is how geography effected the Southern Colonies. The geography of the Southern Colonies featured tideland ideal for growing crops, hilly coastal plains, broad rivers for transportation, forests and swamp marshes. With the improvements on Tobacco by John Rolfe also known as the father of tobacco , the colony of Jamestown was saved. The original names of the New England Colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island and the Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut. Economically, slavery was what saved the south.
Afterwards, we'll see how this combination of climate and geography led the colonies to adopt specific settlement patterns and social structures. The soils and climates of these three different colony groups weredifferent. Originally this region had fertile soil, but during the , large glaciers scraped away. Forests could hide predators and Native Americans. Between 1607- 1775 slavery evolved in the British North American colonies due to economic factors-such as the slave trade, the use of cash crops, and the plantation system- Geographic factors-such as climate, diseases, and the Caribbean connection- and social factors-such as racism, bacons rebellion, and the headright system.
Agriculture Think about the states of New York and Pennsylvania, and two very different images come to mind. Things such as large plantations, cheap labor, and misconceptions of the African race greatly affected the way slavery was viewed in the American colonies. In the 1700s, the South Carolina economy was based upon the exportation of rice from its tidewater region. Mosquitos loved the climate so malaria was a problem. The many river parts of the south made it easy to transfer goods grown on plantations, and to facilitate the purchase of slaves. Other people tried to become apprentices to learn their trade.
The Calverts are a rich, wealthy family of Catholics. These crops were often grown on very large plantations owned by wealthy white men, with little assistance to work the plantations. Along the coastline, the land was flat. The land was rocky, which made farming difficult. The Puzzle of the American Climate in the Early Colonial Period Book Review. The first successful English colony in N.
Some wealthy people worked in the city although most colonists were farmers. Continuing inland in these colonies, hills and mountains were encountered. By Middle Colonies, I'm referring to Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. Tobacco Cultivation was extremely difficult, and simple farmers on an acre of land just could not meet the demands in England on their own. Much of this area is conservation land.
These colonies had a wide coastal plain leading to rolling hills. Georgia was not established as a colony until 1732 under a charter granted to by. The growth of slavery became intertwined in the life of the southern colonies in the 17th century and early and mid 18th century. These colonies had a long growing season and a warm, damp climate, which allowed settlers to grow cash crops. Indigo and rice were the main crops of Georgia and South Carolina while Virginia and Maryland's main cash crop was tobacco.