You could test the relationship between the independent and dependent variables by collecting data on unemployment rates and the reelection of incumbent presidents and comparing the two sets of information. Non-academic positions taken by graduates of the program include several in the Washington D. The comparative method: Moving beyond qualitative and quantitative strategies. George and Bennett disagree with King et al. This was the increase of useful ethics.
Cross-case research is always more representative of the population of interest than case study research, so long as some sensible procedure of case selection is followed presumably some version of random sampling. Since case study work does not rely on statistical probabilities such as frequency or distribution, a single case can be critical and can potentially prove or disprove a hypothesis. If so, there is no informational advantage to a case study format. Cases often represent a topic that rests on the fringes of prior investigations because the case may provide new ways of understanding the research problem. American Political Science Review, 98 4 : 653—69. On the limits of macroquantitative social science research.
Being able to examine with scientific rigor phenomena that either do not lend themselves well to quantitative study, or for which only a limited set of objective measures is available, makes such an approach valuable. Political scientists have had an ongoing discussion about the role of the case study. In other words, holistic understanding of the situation is more important in case studies. They were fourteen in number. In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an. Colorado State University; Gerring, John. Newsletter of the American Political Science Association Examples of case study method in political examples of case study method in political science Section for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research.
Famously, argued that the only criterion of a model was to be found in its accurate prediction of outcomes. This is revelatory when one is at an early stage of analysis, for at that point there is no identifiable suspect and the crime itself may be difficult to discern. Assuming prior studies have not looked at individual travel choices as a way to study access to illicit drug use, a case study that observes a homeless veteran could reveal how issues of personal mobility choices facilitate regular access to illicit drugs. This work is licensed under a. Of course, if many such cases lie within the population then it may be possible to study them all at once with some sort of numeric reduction of the relevant parameters. The stronger the controversy, the more likely this is.
Measurement error, aggregation problems, and questions of conceptual validity are rampant. Rogowski sums up by emphasizing the importance of not losing the benefits of good qualitative work at the expense of increased quantifiability. Still, there are a couple of key tenets that can and probably should be considered when addressing this crucial step to producing your research work. Essentially a primer on selection bias, this article outlines the importance not only of identifying the most likely causal reasons some event occurred, but also of examining the counterfactual as well. Counter factuals and hypothesis testing in political science.
The Berlin Wall is a historical symbol of the Cold War and the fall of the Berlin Wall is a symbol of the end of the Cold War. To this end, the writer looks first at presenting and arguing for all aspects of the theory, which can be seen with the first chapter. But the book is much more than an account of how to do case study research. Annual Review of Sociology, 30: 287—310. The idea that Husserl shares Together with the positivists is that have is the only resource of information. Even so, a proposition with a narrow scope is more conducive to case study analysis than a proposition with a broad purview, all other things being equal. Political theorists also define democracy, but they use a different standard of measurement.
By definition, idiographic is individualizing rather than nomographic or generalizing. Inspiration is more likely to occur in the laboratory than in the shower. After all, much of the political and social sciences are not strictly quantitative. Generic Policy Paper Outline Example I. In terms of its history, the case study is not a new form of research. This type of comprehensive understanding involves an in-depth explanation of an entity, people, community, or a country that produces much more detailed information than a statistical analysis.
It concerns, rather, what we know about the former at a given point in time. Drafting your paper If you have used material from outside sources in your paper, be sure to cite them appropriately in your paper. Another example, drawn from clinical work in psychology, concerns heterogeneity among a sample of individuals. You may be wrestling with theories or proposing your own as you write your paper. The prevailing assumption was that what theory-building utility case study work had was inductively drawn from the events studied, and those inferences might or might not represent replicable conclusions. Even so, it seems clear that if there is a relationship between democracy and growth it is more likely to be perceptible in a large cross-case setting. It is important to note that Ragin emphasizes the value that an intensive case study accrues to its researcher.
Chong comments: One of the advantages of the in-depth interview over the mass survey is that it records more fully how subjects arrive at their opinions. The composition of an argument — especially when we think of it in terms of an extended written arugment — very much echo these biological levels of organization. It is now well established that causal arguments depend not only on measuring causal effects, but also on the identification of a causal mechanism. Case study work is used to evaluate existing theory as well as propose alternate explanations to better understand the often complex motivations of and among nation-states. The looser application uses the same general concept, but the researcher chooses countries that have similar characteristics but those characteristics are not strictly matched to a set of control variables. Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards.
She neatly demonstrates how the potential error of case selection on the dependent variable can particularly impact results in small-N studies. These tradeoffs derive, first of all, from basic research goals such as 1 whether the study is oriented toward hypothesis generating or hypothesis testing, 2 whether internal or external validity is prioritized, 3 whether insight into causal mechanisms or causal effects is more valuable, and 4 whether the scope of the causal inference is deep or broad. First, as insightful as your ideas may be, someone else may have had similar ideas and have already done research to test them. It often involves comparisons among countries and through time within single countries, emphasizing key patterns of similarity and difference. You should then describe the findings revealed from your study of the case using direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results.