Damon finds his postal work in Chicago as, boring and troublesome. The two most important specific. Jack Hilton, one of Gil Blount's subordinates 1 Richard Wright, The Outsider, p. Bigger Thomas is an unhappy boy, sick of his life at home. Man constructs the univers al by choosing his essence and identifying his project with the project of everyone. Indifference is the expression of ultimate nihilism, it is radical and in this disengagement from life Meursault is left only with death. The lure is not that Chicago was desegregated but there is at least the possibility of work for Blacks.
His mother and her friend Perez dealt with absurdity by forming a true relationship and trusting in hope. As for the women Damon has met and cared for in various degrees, he is always sadistic toward her and he demands a kind of masochistic behaviour from her. There follows a chapter in which the Law, personified by a hunchbacked who understands Cross Damon, convicts him of a crime and condemns him, but is powerless to give his life significance by punishment. He wants to become the libertine, the free spirit, the free thinker, relaxed and stimulated. In presenting the trial as a parody there is an implicit indictment of the judges, and yet they are tied to their position; if Meursault is found innocent the jury and the judges are guilty.
Religion, because of the happy life it promises, incites hope and provides moral strength. Cross Damon feels that she does not love him and, like his father, has rejected him. Bigger rejects religion thoroughly though he is aIl the same psychologically influenced through his social education. However, once she discovers that Bigger had killed the girl, she becomes untrustworthy in terms of Bigger needs. A devout woman, she believes that the fight for a possible well-being and happiness on earth is useless; only happiness in Heaven is her objective.
The truth is that Bigger is subject to a serious handicap: there is no father image upon which he can model 1 Richard Wright Native Son p. The entire novel plays with him and depends on his sincere nature for its execution. The present tense emphasises this, denying the possibility of a future from where the story is relayed. That is what Cross Damon has done. There was an organic conviction in him this was the way the white folk wanted him to be in their presence. The name Cross Damon is itself a mixture of the Christian ethics of suffering and of the demonism of Nietzsche.
Initially he is reluctant to make a decision and is only to some extent afraid 62. And the only way to be part of society means to make compromises, which again he doesn't want to do, because that wouldn't be truthful. It is a common achievement of the whole humanity. So the essence here the image of basket precedes the existence the basket itself. The chaplain knew the game well too, I could tell right away: his gaze never faltered. I don't think Meursault was an existentialist but I do think that he faced death the way an existentialist would have. You know what's good for that? Existentialism: Even though The Stranger flirts with many philosophical schools, I will focus on Existentialism.
He is deeply marked by the existentialist vision of life he encountered in his childhood and adolescence, which is compounded by painful poverty, the cruel religious fanaticism of his maternaI family, and the frustration of a broken family. W e can see a Bigger accepting his conditions of living in resignation. Clearly, realism, a quality that Lovecraft never desired in his writing, is disregarded. But as we were fixing lunch, and for no apparent reason, she laughed in such a way that I kissed her. Once your choice is made, you must not contend with it and stay still. The German philosopher Martin Heidegger is important in its formulation, and the French essayist Jean-Paul Sartre has done most to give it its present form and popularity.
Bigger is presented as a brutal individual, much affected by violence. The Stranger Part 2, Chapter 5. Metaphysical revoIt is a mov~ment through which a man rises against his condition and the whole creation, and chooses to become a murder Dostoïevski or accept the evil Nietzsche. We can grasp existence in the existing' individual not in the existence itself. Meursault shot the Arab mainly because he was uncomfortable and not because he felt threatened, but in any case he made the decision to shoot him.
Wright, influenced primarily by German and his earlier involvement in the Communist party, condemns Marxism for its repression of individuality inherent in the structure of such group ideologies. Man is nothing more than what he does or makes of himself. To demand immediate social justice, like Bigger, is to upset the delicate balance in race relation achieved through the exercise of exquisite, intuitive tact. A real existential hero thinks out before acting. Together they represent his Absurd canon. From an absurdist like Camus' point of view, the divide between right and wrong is often extremely flexible.