What other unexpected problems arose in the data collection? The results and discussion sections are one of the challenging sections to write. Subsequently, in the light of the current literature this finding is discussed, new ideas on this subject are revealed, and the paragraph ends with a concluding remark. A few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies. When he defended his master's thesis, his committee told him his conclusions went too far out on a limb. If there is no statistical result to support the recommendation, then it must be canceled. Two different approaches can be formulated on this issue? Figures, tables and graphs are useful methods for gathering a great deal of information into one place that can then be mentioned in the content of your article. An example conclusion is given below.
The commentary that you include even in the discussion part of the research paper should be focused and add to the papers quality, not detract to the quality by introducing new elements. However, needs to link between your work and others and convince the readers that you work to agree or disagree with other work based on good discussion. It is not a way to restate your results. Information about the study was sent home with all of the students at Tonganoxie Elementary School. Although colonies were detected on each treatment type, the average number of colonies per plate was significantly lower than that of the control plates.
But don't dwell on the future at the expense of the present,says Scholl. Does it detract from the papers quality? The academic writing should be clear, impartial, and objective. Further Research Future research efforts are needed to develop effective strategies for improving the acceptability and ensuring the appropriate use of telehealth care for those patients who may be positioned to benefit from it. In the example above, the authors found it convenient to use the same sentence from the Introduction to restate their purpose in the Discussion boldface text. Here we compare the results of the proposed method with those of the traditional methods.
Accordingly, the findings of the study are determined in order of their importance, and a paragraph is constructed for each finding. This period of time is adequate for completion of a manuscript within a few weeks which can be generally considered as a long time interval. Second, the restatement at the beginning of the Discussion must match the statement of purpose in the Introduction. Alienation periods can cause loss of time because of need for recurrent literature reviews. Maybe the reason that you did not find a significant correlation is because your , or you did not use sensitive enough equipment. Other researchers have successfully used the same procedure to generate viral vectors for the in vivo production of ferritin and transcobalamin, 2 smaller proteins with molecular weights in the same range as our 3 proteins.
Give them something clear, concise and interesting to read, and they're sure to appreciate it. This exchange structure allows the teacher to retain the conversational initiative Stubbs 1983: 29. The Discussion section in a scientific paper and the closing argument in a courtroom have similarities. The Discussion presents information from narrow to broad from the answer to a specific question to the larger picture. Three points about the beginning of the Discussion are worth emphasizing here.
Some journals include an actual Summary or Conclusion section at the end of published articles, where these summary points belong. Use Transition Words and Phrases In my previous article on the Introduction section of a scientific paper , I talked about how the story becomes clearer if transition words and phrases are used. The introductory paragraph starts with an undebatable sentence, and proceeds with a part addressing the following questions as 1 On what issue we have to concentrate, discuss or elaborate? Beth Azar is a writer in Portland, Ore. A related hashtagged open call also encouraged the masses, local and global, to pass along similar pics. However, even better results are achieved when using our algorithm. You select those descriptive and inferential statistics you wish to use, and place them in the order that seems reasonable to you.
Close the Discussion with 1 or 2 sentences that provide a take-home message for the reader. You need to report the research results with enough details so that readers can see which statistical analyses were conducted and validated to justify or disprove your hypotheses. Our approach on this subject is to write all structured parts of the manuscript at the same time, and start writing the manuscript while reading the first literature. Instead of using only descriptive text for your scholarly article, consider other visual ways and representations that improve the academic writing of your research paper. However, generally, before onset of the writing process of the manuscript, its abstract might be already presented in various congresses. Slightly superior results are achieved with our algorithm. Tests of statistical significance should always be presented with your results to show that your research findings objectively confirm or disprove your hypotheses.
If any research question or hypothesis is confirmed by your data and analysis, you can point to a table or figure that illustrates your finding. When you compose this particular part of your writing assignment, you want to make this part of the paper interesting and insightful. Each paragraph should contain opinions in favour or against the topic discussed, critical evaluations, and learning points. Nurse Anesthesia 1993;4 3 :130-5. The discussion section is the place to leave your mark.
Relate the Findings to Similar Studies No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. Since they are unrelated both to the author s , and subject matter of the manuscript, these referees can review our manuscript more objectively. Remember that no is not the same as no difference, and you can begin to explain this in your discussion section. Your discussion should begin with a cogent, one-paragraph summary of the study's key findings, but then go beyond that to put the findings into context, says Stephen Hinshaw, PhD, chair of the psychology department at the University of California, Berkeley. How to write the results and discussion Michael P. The result: a fresh look at the Writing a Discussion Section - Interprete the Results - Explorable. Failure to look at a crucial time interval? Experienced and seasoned authors have designed their own style, writing plan and article objectives.
Find our more on writing. Along with noting your work's limitations, it's helpful to also suggest follow-up studies. Simply put, look at the key topics in the conclusion and recommendations. My goal with this article is to help you understand the characteristics of a good Discussion section. It brings meaning to your study.