For example, if your culture is based on the idea of meeting deadlines and the acquired company has a more relaxed view of delivering work or products on time, you may find yourself disciplining the management of the acquired company. For instance, countries like U. Many mergers and acquisitions require numerous people on both sides of the aisle to be on the same page. This often means that there is a chance layoffs could occur, which would place people out of work for an indefinite period of time. If senior management gets too distracted, and you risk having the merger flounder as well as damaging the underlying business. In many cases, an acquisition leads to job cuts and reorganization as the newly formed enterprise works to maximize efficiencies in human resources and in its processes.
Brought to you by Consumer Perceptions When two companies merge, they need to consider how consumers view the two firms and whether or not they view them in a compatible way. A financial merger or acquisition is pursued, as the name implies, for financial reasons—often to pick up some quick cash or as an investment. The resistance you meet as you try to spend on marketing initiatives can undermine your efforts. So what does a strategic merger look like? Cons of Mergers and Acquisitions Substantial Increase in Prices A merger reduces competition and thus can give the acquiring company the monopoly power in the market. Organizations are often drawn to the concept of acquisition because it is one of the most time-efficient growth strategies. The potential for distraction is greatest—and most profound—after the deal is done and the focus moves to integration.
It does require buy-in—Senior management must be onboard and embrace what needs to be done. When a merger goes as planned, the two joining companies combine to create a more powerful and efficient organization than either could achieve on its own. And consider carefully how the merged firm will generate organic growth. Job Opportunities On the other hand, if the new company is in a related, but different industry, the merger can bring multiple advantages to employees of the purchased company. With the change comes internal restructuring that can also offer a new supervisor or manager with whom you might enjoy working with much more than your previous supervisor.
The pros and cons of mergers and acquisitions show that this business transaction should not be something that is just rushed into without thought. A major distraction Mergers and post-merger integrations are resource-intensive activities that usually involve some of the most senior people in the firm. Most business cultures take a long time to develop, and adjusting to a new normal can be problematic for the owners and upper management as well as the rank-and-file of both companies. Does A+B still specialize in manufacturing? They may be performed either to benefit the public or just top-level executives and shareholders: The underlying motive ultimately determines the success of the merger and the overall reputation of the resulting organization. This creates added costs to the process which may cause the risks of a merger or acquisition to be greater than the benefits that could be experienced by the deal.
They may leave consumers with fewer choices for products, cut jobs for employees, and create diseconomies of scale. New job opportunities loom in the distance, with a chance of promotions or different jobs to those employees who are skilled and take advantage of the change. It is a cost-effective method to fuel expansion. Customers transition immediately from having multiple choices to only one, which in some cases leads to a monopoly of the service. Finally, mergers can limit duplicated efforts by eliminating market competition between two previously competitive organizations and enable market regulation.
The mergers of culture and philosophy can create conflict between the management of your company and the employees of the newly acquired company. In other words, unless the two companies have distinct geographical spheres and target audiences, you may end up competing against the second business that you bought. In short cash which was lying idle with the company can be used productively by the company in mergers and acquisitions. In order to service that debt, you need revenues from the acquired company. Efficient way to acquire talent and intellectual property Many industries are seeing an acute shortage of experienced professional staff. The disadvantages of a merger focus mostly on the workers and customers rather than the company itself.
Clash of Cultures When two firms merge, it is more than a coming together of two names or brands — it is a real merger of people who bring along a specific corporate culture. So how do you overcome this problem? Another disadvantage is that the culture and values that the other company established may clash with the culture and values of your existing business, especially if you choose to retain the staff of the business that you acquire. Most mergers result in workers being laid off to compensate for the smaller combined work flow requirements, which can leave a lot of workers unemployed. Mergers and acquisitions have become a popular business strategy for companies looking to expand into new markets or territories, gain a competitive edge, or acquire new technologies and skill sets. With the instability of the situation, employees often lose the desire to come to work or to do their best work. Cost can be either a disadvantage or an advantage depending on location, industry and how the merger is handled. It also leads to restructuring the work environment, such as the management structure, which can lead to demotions or pay changes.
Revenue synergies alter the competitive balance of power and create opportunities to change market dynamics, sell more products, or raise prices. By evaluating all of the key points, it becomes more likely that the best possible decision can be made. Cybersecurity, accounting, and engineering are just a few examples that immediately come to mind. It can create multiple growth opportunities. But there is a problem. An ill-timed merger can quickly diminish the strength of both the acquiring and acquired brands.