He may share the traits of both, with emphasis shifting from one set of properties to the other with changing motives internal , and varying external environment. McGregor recognized that some people may not have reached the level of maturity assumed by Theory Y and may initially need tighter controls that can be relaxed as the employee develops. One assumption is that they seek to build cooperative and intimate working relationships with their coworkers. They tend to blame the workers always. However in looking for tools to apply to others they show their fundamental belief that other people are defective in some way and need to be changed, i.
First, it tends to over-generalise and over-simplify people as being one way or the other. Values, beliefs, and customs differ from country to country and group to group, but all people have similar needs. It is also held that employees will only respond to monetary rewards as an incentive to perform above the level of that which is expected From a management point of view, autocratic Theory X managers like to retain most of their authority. Fundamentally, you can't change other people and so you have to change yourself and organizations instead. In contrast, based on theory Y, employees concentrates on Social needs, esteem needs and self-actualization needs. Rather they are two different continua in themselves.
Theory X leaders would be more authoritarian, while Theory Y leaders would be more participative. Managers are more authoritarian and actively intervene to get things done. In organizational contexts it pertains to the salary or wage which ultimately help one attain these necessities. Lastly, some managers may have Theory Y assumptions about human nature, but they may find it necessary to behave in a very directive and controlling manner with some people in the short run to help them grow up in a developmental sense until they are truly Y people. Do you believe that they get great from their work and take pride in doing the best possible job? This will allow you to adapt your approach appropriately.
On the other hand, theory Y has a perspective that employees are self-motivated and they like work while at the same time taking duties related to work. In my experience I find all of these levels to be just and pertinent. Thirdly, McGregoer suggests tacitly that job itself is the key to motivation. Theory X Theory X managers tend to take a pessimistic view of their people, and assume that they are naturally unmotivated and dislike work. Only after the consensus is reached the decision is taken. For Ouchi, Theory Z focused on increasing employee loyalty to the company by providing a job for life with a strong focus on the well-being of the employee, both on and off the job.
In your discussion explore whether Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol would agree with Follett. This theory offers a convenient framework for analysing the relationship between to motivation and leadership style. Douglas McGregor suggested that there are two different ways in which we can look at workers attitudes toward work. They also believe that if they are given a chance,they will try to showcase their creative abilities and innovate something new to improve their productivity. In theory Y, people are self-directed and creative and prefer self-control. Ouchi wrote a book called Theory Z How American Business Can Meet the Japanese Challenge 1981 , in this book; Ouchi shows how American corporations can meet the Japanese challenges with a highly effective management style that promises to transform business in the 1980's. Theory Z The Theory Z manager assumes that employees are motivated by a strong sense of commitment to be a part of something worthwhile --.
Theory X managers believe that workers are only motivated by one thing - money. For Self Actualization the manager needs to promote the optimum workplace through morality, creativity, spontaneity, problem solving, lack of prejudice, and acceptance of facts. Or do you think that they see it as a burden, and simply work for the money? Due to this, management believes that workers need to be closely supervised and comprehensive systems of controls developed. Thus situational management style should be used in order to generate optimum results. Then the assignment will delve into each of the theories to determine how each theory stacks up against one another when they are laid side by side.
Douglas McGregor put forward a theory of motivation, called as theory X and theory Y. Another great benefit is that the company will have holistic concern for you and your family. Therefore, this style of leadership exercises strong controls and direction and wherever necessary punish people if they do not do the work and this encourages an authoritarian style of management. Finally, Theory Z workers can be trusted to do their jobs to their utmost ability, so long as management can be trusted to support them and look out for their well being. Theory Z stresses the need to help workers become generalists, rather than specialists. You agree that we have no liability for any damages.
The collective decision making will create a good work environment and increase productivity. Theory Y Managers: The manager's role with the workers of Theory Y type is to help them achieve their potential. The twentieth century has brought in a number of management theories which have helped shaped our view of management in the present… 2051 Words 9 Pages Compare and contrast the management theories of Frederick Taylor, Henri Fayol, Elton Mayo and Douglas McGregor. Motivation Theory X employees are mainly motivated by financial rewards. However, such an approach is extremely difficult to adopt in service related organizations. To begin with, Maslow developed his Hierarchy Theory over a period of many years during the mid twentieth century.
He visited Japan and studied their success with team and participative management and developed this theory. For Self Actualization the manager needs to promote the optimum workplace through morality, creativity, spontaneity, problem solving, lack of prejudice, and acceptance of facts. In other words, employees have a strong desire for affiliation. One adaptation involves workers in decisions through quality circles. In the evolution of management… 1869 Words 8 Pages restructuring to support a campaign. There are basic differences between the two styles of management thought Theory X: In theory X, the management assumes employees are inherently lazy and will avoid work if they can and that they dislike work normally.